The kidneys are vital organs within the body and have many important roles for the body's functioning and osmoregulation.
- Act as a filter to separate the right amount of nitrogenous waste products and excess fluids from the blood
- Regulate the water and salt concentrations in the body
- Create three hormones, erythropoietin, renin and active vitamin D which have different roles in the body.
- Stop waste products building up in an organism's body, which can be very dangerous is the level of waste gets too high.